Klonopin, medically known as clonazepam, is medically prescribed by doctors to treat their patients with anxiety and to reduce seizures. It is an anti-anxiety, anti-convulsive sedative. Klonopin is also a part of the benzodiazepine family. The drug is a sedative; hence, it reduces brain activity and slows down metabolism to relax the user’s mind and body. The individuals who start taking klonopin with prescription may experience themselves rushing towards a problematic level because of the drug propensity which elicits tolerance and dependence. If not thoroughly checked, the compulsive cycle of use leading to addiction may emerge. These reasons limit the recommended prescriptions to short durations only. Klonopin is usually abused by people with no legitimate need for the drug because of its ability to result in a euphoric high.
An approximate of nearly 27 million prescriptions in 2011 were written for Klonopin, reveals that it is the third most widely prescribed benzodiazepine in the United States after the Xanax and Ativan. Statistical information from the NIDA has shown that about 7.4% of high school seniors have used a substance from the Klonopin or clonazepam category which marks a rate seven times greater than the rate of heroin use.
Of all the drugs in the benzodiazepine category, Klonopin is one of the most addictive. Users develop tolerance and dependency on the drug quite quickly. For this reason, it is prescribed for short periods of time only, however, in order to replicate the feeling it brings about, users often continue it long past their prescribed time. As with any other drug, Klonopin shows several side effects that are temporary and vanish within a few hours.
Klonopin has side effects that vary from person to person. There are certain limitations on this drug. It should not be consumed with alcohol, or used by people who have breathing problems, depression, and liver disease. Common side effects include loss of appetite, drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision and insomnia. Serious, lesser common side effects include a shortage of breath, seizures, depression and aggression. Patients may have suicidal thoughts and become hyperactive…
The drug is a fast acting one and intoxicates its user within the hour. Depending on the dose of intake, the effects last from 6 hours to a day. The user feels euphoria and a relaxed state of mind and body. The nervous system is repressed and the mind calms down. The body reduces muscular tension and the user feels drowsy. In some cases, rashes and hives may appear on the body and the user can go into severe depression.
The desired effects of the drug usually are notices within an hour of oral intake of the medication. These effects may typically occur due to the depressant effects which are taking place in the CNS which serves the body by making it feel much more slowed and relaxed. Effects largely depend upon the severity of symptoms that the klonopin is treating between 6 and 24 hours of the intake.
As the abuse continues, the user begins to experience negative symptoms. Overdosing on Klonopin brings about slower reflexes and an unclear memory. Users often loose time and forget memories. Extreme drowsiness and reduced metabolism increase risks of coma. The user is confused and hyperactive. Hallucinations, weakness, and seizures are also common.
As the abuse continues, tolerance increases and so does the dependency on the drug. When the user tries to stop using the drug, withdrawal symptoms are experienced by the user. These include slowed depression, anxiety, and hypertension. In order to reduce the unpleasantness, medical detoxification treatments are carried out. Certain medications are used to help reduce Klonopin addiction. After rehabilitation, therapy sessions are required to prevent relapse.
In order to avoid withdrawal symptoms such as insomnia, agitation, anxiety, and convulsions, the user must seek professional help when reducing intake. A careful detox procedure is to be followed and overlooked by medics to reduce withdrawal symptoms and bring the person back on track.